The Great Pyramids of Giza - Khufu's on the right and Cheops's on the left, Giza Plataeu, Egypt
Zahi Hawass told LiveScience that he believes the burial chamber of the pharaoh Khufu (also known as Cheops) is hidden, along with treasure, within his Great Pyramid. (Image credit: Shutterstock)

Archaeology is fundamentally the study of humanity and its past. Archaeologists study things that were created, used or changed by humans. They do this by studying the material remains, in other words, the stuff we leave behind.

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